Dengue and Chikungunya

Historically Chikungunya was known as Dengue. It was only after the outbreak of Chikungunya in Makonde Plateau, along the border between Mozambique and Tanganyika (Tanzania) that it was identified as a separate disease. Chikungunya virus was first isolated by RW Ross in 1953.Chikungunya was first reported in 1952, during an outbreak in southern Tanzania. It has now been identified in 60 countries including those in Asia, Africa, Europe, America and others. Listed in the World Health Organization’s R&D Blueprint (2016), the recently established Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations has it on their agenda to develop a vaccine for Chikungunya, along with other diseases such as MERS, Ebola and others. Dengue and Chikungunya diseases are caused by viruses, but they are different viruses. Chikungunya is caused by a Togaviridaealphavirus, while dengue is caused by a Flavirideaeflavivirus. Supplements to increase platelets are also available to fight against these diseases. Dengue is much more common and more fatal than Chikungunya. However Chikungunya joint pain may last for years causing long term quality of life issues and take time for Chikungunya joint pain relief. Just like the most dreaded Dengue, Chikungunya is also a mosquito-borne virus. Chikungunya is mostly not fatal but its pain can be highly traumatizing. What’s worse is that it can be easily misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. If not tested at the right time, it does not even reflect in lab results. Chikungunya treatment home remedies for joint pain that are considered effective:-

  • Eat a healthy diet consisting plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  • Consume ginger tea, green tea which can help relieve inflammation.
  • Drink lots of water and other fluids to prevent dehydration.

 

Symptoms.

 

The symptoms of Chikungunya starts showing up within seven days after infection and ends up lasting for up to several weeks.

  • High fever
  • Joint Pain
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Skin rash

 

Female mosquitoes catch Chikungunya virus from infected humans and pass it on to the next human victim. In Australia, the Aedesaegypti is a domesticated mosquito located in Queensland and a vector for the Chikungunya virus. The preferred hiding place of the mosquito is dark spaces inside your house and it is active during daytime.

 

Prevention


Here are some few tips to protect you from Chikungunya:

-Keep yourself covered and minimize skin exposure.
-Exposed skin should be protected by applying skin repellents.
-Keep a check on your surroundings – don’t let water accumulate.
-Stay extra safe during daytime – use nets to avoid mosquito bites.
-Keep your surroundings clean and check for overflowing garbage bins.
-Change the water in flower vessels regularly to avoid mosquito breeding.
-Keep your toilet seats down when not in use.

-Shower daily and use unscented shampoos. Mosquitos are believed to be attracted to smells like perfume and sweat.

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